Understanding the Basics of Law


Law is a set of rules that govern behavior and are enforced by governmental and social institutions. However, the exact nature of law has long been in dispute. Some consider it a science; others see it as the art of justice. Whatever the definition, the basic concept is that the rule of law exists to protect the individual and the community.

Rule of Law

The Rule of Law is an important aspect of any legal system. This legal system provides citizens with the ability to make choices regarding the laws of their country. It is also an important source of protection for human rights. Despite these advantages, some people disagree with the concept of the Rule of Law.

Legal systems

Although legal systems vary greatly across countries, they all share common features. These features include the idea that a legal system should be based on the ideals of justice. Legal systems fall into one of several categories, including common law, civil law, religious law, and customary law. Different countries also have different security situations, which can influence the type of legal system they adopt.


Concepts of law are central to modern legal theory. They define what law is and how it is applied in a society. In other words, law is a normative concept that governs our actions. However, we cannot fully understand the meaning of law without a moral conception of it. In this book, we will learn about these two concepts and how they relate.


Processes in law refer to the procedures that govern a legal proceeding. These processes are generally used in litigation, although they can be different in different countries. For example, in civil cases, legal processing can involve issuing a summons to court. The person served with the summons is called a process server.


Organization in law is the process of establishing an entity in which the legal profession operates. This type of organization is founded on property rights, systems of law, and incorporation.

Impact on moral thought

Law and morality are closely related concepts. Law establishes rules and regulations, while morality deals with individual choices. However, there are significant differences between law and morality. While law imposes punishments for disobedience, morality is a subjective concept that is derived from an individual’s mind.


Sources of law are the underlying principles that make something law. Whether a legal rule comes from a government, a custom, or a tradition, the source produces it. This concept is central to legal positivism.