The Basics of Law


Law is a complex discipline that encompasses a broad range of subjects. It is the study of legal issues, principles and procedures that shape a society and its culture.

It is also a way of communicating information between people, and is a tool for conflict resolution. For example, if two people claim the same piece of property, they use the law to find out who is actually the owner and how they can settle the dispute peacefully.

The goals of Law

While laws serve a variety of purposes, they all aim to create order in a society. These include regulating behaviour, maintaining a fair system of government, protecting the individual and promoting justice.

Criminal law is a type of law that deals with crime (the illegal or unlawful activities). This includes crimes against the person, crimes against property and breach of public order.

Other important areas of law are:

Civil law, which covers about 60% of the world’s nations and is based on concepts, categories and rules derived from Roman law. It has a strong emphasis on cooperation between people and a more liberal approach to the application of individual rights.

Common law, which is found in about 10% of the world’s nations, uses decision-making processes that are influenced by the doctrine of precedent, or stare decisis. The principle is that decisions made by higher courts bind lower courts and future decisions of the same court, to assure that similar cases reach similar results.

There are many different kinds of law, from commercial and financial law to tax law, criminal and family law. These laws can be used to regulate a wide range of things, such as the distribution of assets in divorce, employment, inheritance and a person’s right to privacy.

Law can be applied in the form of a formal written code, or it can be made up of regulations and codes that have been promulgated by the government. A legal code is typically set out in a constitution, or it may be developed through a process called codification.

A modern lawyer achieves a distinct professional identity by passing a qualifying examination, by attaining a special qualification, or by becoming a member of a legal profession such as a bar association or bar council. In most countries, lawyers are required to be licensed by law to practice their profession.

The role of Law

A nation’s legal system is one of its primary means for achieving social, economic and cultural development. It is the framework that shapes politics, history, economics and society and serves as a mediator between people.

The most important factors in choosing a good law research topic are your interests and your ability to find scholarly resources on the subject. You should choose a topic that is relevant and timely to your academic goals, but it should also be challenging enough to keep you engaged in the research process.

Ideally, you should also select a topic that is feasible in terms of time and resources. This will allow you to get the most out of your research.